Culture of Slovenia

Between 1938 and 1941, left liberal, Christian left and agrarian forces established shut relations with members of the illegal Communist party, aiming at establishing a broad anti-Fascist coalition. Following the dissolution of Austro-Hungarian Empire within the aftermath of the World War I, a National Council of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs took power in Zagreb on 6 October 1918. On 29 October independence was declared by a nationwide gathering in Ljubljana, and by the Croatian parliament, declaring the institution of the brand new State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. On 1 December 1918 the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs merged with Serbia, turning into part of the brand new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, itself being renamed in 1929 to Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

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However, the intellectual circle around the philologist Matija Čop and the Romantic poet France Prešeren was influential in affirming the concept of Slovene linguistic and cultural individuality, refusing the idea of merging the Slovenes right into a wider Slavic nation. The Slavic ancestors of present-day Slovenes settled in the East Alpine area at the end of the sixth century.

Between the early 18th century and early 19th century, the Slovene lands skilled a period of peace, with a average economic recovery ranging from mid-18th century onward. The Adriatic city of Trieste was declared a free port in 1718, boosting the financial exercise throughout the western elements of the Slovene Lands. The political, administrative and financial reforms of the Habsburg rulers Maria Theresa of Austria and Joseph II improved the economic state of affairs of the peasantry, and had been properly obtained by the rising bourgeoisie, which was nevertheless still weak.

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In 1848, the first Slovene nationwide political programme, called United Slovenia (Zedinjena Slovenija), was written within the context of the Spring of Nations movement throughout the Austrian Empire. It demanded a unification of all Slovene-talking territories in an autonomous kingdom, named Slovenija, throughout the empire and an official standing for Slovene.

Slovenians are happy with their tradition and language, which they regard as a great asset and part of the national identification. Protestantism laid the foundations of the Slovenian literary language and brought Slovenes the primary printed Slovene-language books Katekizem (Catechism) and Abecednik (Elementary Reader), written by Primož Trubar in 1550. In the late 1980s, a number of symbols from the Middle Ages have been revived as Slovenian nationwide symbols. Among them, the preferred are the so-known as Slovene Hat which featured within the coat of arms of the Slovene March, and the Black Panther, a reconstruction of the supposed coat of arms of the Carolingian duchy of Carantania.

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“Jezikoslovni in jezikovni vidiki Linhartovega Poskusa zgodovine Kranjske” [The Linguistic and the Language Aspects of Linhart’s Essay on the History of Carniola]. “Valvasorjevo mesto v samospoznavanju Slovencev kot posebnega naroda.” [Valvasor’s Place within the Self-Recognition of Slovenes as an Individual Nation]. According to the printed data from the 2002 Slovenian census, out of a complete of forty seven,488 Muslims (who represent 2.four% of the total inhabitants) 2,804 Muslims (who in turn characterize 5.9% of the total Muslims in Slovenia) declared themselves as ethnic Slovenian Muslims.

(Solid black western part being annexed by Italy already with the Treaty of Rapallo). After 1943, Germany took over the Italian occupational area, as properly.During World War II, Slovenes were in a novel state of affairs.

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The action may be thought-about the first defense action for Slovenian independence. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in late 1918, an armed dispute started between the Slovenes and German Austria for the regions of Lower Styria and southern Carinthia. In November 1918, Rudolf Maister seized the in majority German-speaking metropolis of Maribor/Marburg and surrounding areas of Lower Styria in the title of the newly formed Yugoslav state.

Following the re-institution of Yugoslavia on the end of World War II, Slovenia turned a part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, declared on 29 November 1943. A socialist state was established, but due to the Tito-Stalin break up, economic and personal freedoms had been broader than in the Eastern Bloc. In 1947, Italy ceded many of the Julian March to Yugoslavia, and Slovenia thus regained the Slovene Littoral. During WWII, Nazi Germany and Hungary occupied northern areas (brown and darkish inexperienced areas, respectively), while Fascist Italy occupied the vertically hashed black area, including Gottschee area.

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Nevertheless, they left a powerful legacy in the tradition of Slovene culture, which was partially integrated within the Catholic Counter-Reformation in the seventeenth century. The old Slovene orthography, also known as Bohorič’s alphabet, which was developed by the Protestants in the sixteenth century and remained in use until the mid-19th century, testified to the unbroken custom of Slovene tradition as established within the years of the Protestant Reformation. Slovenes also inhabited many of the territory of the Imperial Free City of Trieste, though representing the minority of its population. The first mentions of a typical Slovene ethnic identity, transcending regional boundaries, date from the 16th century. The consolidation and formation of the historical Slovenian lands happened in a long period between eleventh and 14th century being led by a variety of important feudal households such because the Dukes of Spannheim, the Counts of Gorizia, the Counts of Celje and finally the House of Habsburg.